‘Cultural and creative spillovers’ is the idea that an investment in arts and culture has broader impacts on the economy and society. Within Europe the term ‘spillover’ is increasingly being quoted as one of the key policy drivers for public investment in arts and culture.
The report, ‘Cultural and creative spillovers in Europe: a preliminary evidence review’ is published by a research partnership comprising the Arts Council (of Ireland), Arts Council England, Creative England, the european centre for creative economy (Germany), the European Cultural Foundation (the Netherlands) and the European Creative Business Network (the Netherlands) and the research undertaken by the London based Tom Fleming Creative Consultancy.
The project involved the compilation of an evidence library of almost 100 reports, studies and evaluations that that purport to describe the impacts of cultural and creative spillovers. A systematic review of this library was then undertaken to ascertain what claims have been made about spillovers, what evidence exists to support these claims and what methodologies have been used to gather this evidence. In this way the research has sought to establish a baseline of knowledge by taking a scientific approach to commonly held assumptions about publicly funded arts and culture and their broader impacts.
The review classifies spillover effects into three broad categories and 17 sub-categories that fall across social, political, economic and cultural outcomes. The review found three areas where there is persuasive evidence of cultural and creative spillovers: innovation in knowledge spillovers, health and wellbeing and creative milieu and place branding.
As well as strengths the review process has explosed weaknesses and gaps in evidence methods and indicators. As a result, scientific standards of causality are rarely proven across multiple types of cultural and creative spillovers.
The report sheds light on cultural and creative spillovers in Europe and will contribute to scientific, cultural and political debate around evidencing the value of culture and public investment into the arts, culture and creative industries.
The report sets out research and methodological recommendations that the research partnership will act on over the course of 2016.
A project website has been established from which the full report and an executive summary can be downloaded. http://ccspillovers.wikispaces.com/.
For more information contact:
Toby Dennett, Strategic Development Manager